Gạch Bông - Nguyên liệu và quy trình sản xuất

Gạch bông hay còn được gọi với một cái tên khác là gạch hoa, là một loại vật liệu xây dựng dùng để chỉ loại gạch ốp lát có hoa văn trang trí hài hoà và bắt mắt.

Ban đầu nó  xuất hiện ở Catalonia vào những năm 1850 và đã được sử dụng rộng rãi ở châu Âu và châu Mỹ, được du nhập vào Việt Nam vào cuối thế kỷ XIX cũng là thời kỳ Pháp đô hộ Việt Nam. 

             gạch bông        

Gạch bông được đánh giá là loại vật liệu giàu tính thẩm mỹ đa dạng về kiểu cách và có độ bền cao. Nó được làm hoàn toàn bằng thủ công với nguyên liệu chính là bột đá, xi măng trắng và bột màu qua bàn tay khéo léo của người thợ lành nghề và sự trợ giúp của máy ép thuỷ lực. Vì vậy chúng là loại vật liệu thân thiện với môi trường.

Hôm nay Sơn Hà sẽ cùng bạn đi tìm hiểu về các quy trình sản xuất gạch bông:

  • Bước 1 : Chuẩn bị rập và màu

- Trong bước này muốn sử dụng hoa văn mới chúng ta có thể tạo ra một rập mới dựa trên thiết kế mới

- Màu sắc sẽ được kết hợp dựa theo lựa chọn có thể lựa chọn màu cho viên gạch.

  • Bước 2 : Đặt rập vào khuôn

Khuôn thép sẽ được chuẩn bị và rập tạo hoa văn sẽ được đặt bên trong khuôn thép.

Bước 3 : Đổ màu tạo lớp đầu tiên cho viên gạch

Một hỗn hợp lỏng bao gồm xi măng trắng, bột đá trắng mịn, bột màu và chất phụ gia (được trộn với đúng màu) sẽ được đổ bằng tay vào những khuôn riêng. Các hỗn hợp khác nhau sẽ được sử dụng để tạo ra các màu khác nhau cho viên gạch. Đây là bước đổ màu tạo lớp đầu tiên cho viên gạch.

 

 

                                    Bột đá siêu mịn sản xuất gạch bông của Sơn Hà

Bước 4 : Lấy rập ra khỏi khuôn

Rập sẽ được lấy ra khỏi khuôn, để lại một lớp họa tiết trên bề mặt.

Bước 5 : Làm những lớp tiếp theo

Lớp hỗn hợp thứ hai, một hỗn hợp mịn và khô tạo nên bởi xi măng xám và đá hạt mịn được rải lên trên lớp đầu tiên. Lớp thứ hai này rất mỏng và có tác dụng hút nước thừa từ lớp đầu.

Rải lớp hỗn hợp đá hạt và xi măng làm lớp thứ ba (lớp màu đen) cho tới khi đạt yêu cầu về độ dày của gạch.

Bước 6 : Nén bằng máy nén thủy lực

Tất cả các nguyên vật liệu sẽ được nén lại bởi máy nén. Độ ẩm từ lớp màu nước sẽ được hút hết qua lớp đen khô. Gạch sẽ được nén hai lần để đảm bảo sức chịu lực.

                                                       Bột màu sản xuất gạch bông Sơn Hà cung cấp

Bước 7 : Tạo hình và lấy ra khỏi khuôn

Gạch sau khi được tạo hình sẽ được lấy ra khỏi khuôn. Giờ thì chúng ta đã có thể nhìn thấy những họa tiết hoa văn và màu sắc tuyệt đẹp của viên gạch.

Gạch bông    

Bước 8 : Dưỡng hộ viên gạch

Sau bước tạo hình viên gạch sẽ tới bước dưỡng hộ. Các viên gạch sẽ được để dưới nước và sau đó sẽ được đặt lên giá để tiếp tục quá trình dưỡng hộ ở nhiệt độ phòng.

Bước 9 : Phủ chất bảo vệ bề mặt và kiểm tra chất lượng

Sau khi đã khô hoàn toàn, gạch sẽ được đánh wax để bề mặt được hoàn hảo hơn và được đưa qua bước kiểm tra chất lượng nghiêm ngặt với từng viên một được kiểm tra cẩn thận và chỉ những viên tốt nhất mới được chọn ra trước khi đóng hộp và đóng pallet.

Công ty TNHH ĐẦU TƯ PHÁT TRIỂN QUỐC TẾ SƠN HÀ luôn tự hào là đơn vị hàng đầu trong lĩnh vực khai thác, sản xuất và phân phối nguyên vật liệu phục vụ ngành công nghệ sản xuất gạch bông, gạch đá hoa,...

Chúng tôi cam kết về chất lượng sản phẩm tốt nhất, dịch vụ hài lòng nhất, giá cả ưu đãi nhất.

Để biết thêm thông tin về sản phẩm quý khách vui lòng liên hệ:

 Công ty TNHH Đầu Tư Phát Triển Quốc Tế Sơn Hà 

Xưởng sản xuất: Núi Mâm Xôi-Thanh Sơn-Kim Bảng-Hà Nam

Ms Hà: 058 56789 98

Website: botdanghean.com.vn

058.56789.98 / 0934.689.598

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